MACHINE GUNS

GATLING GUN

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One of the very first automatic weapons, or “machine guns”, the Gatling gun had multiple barrels, and as the crank was turned, the barrles rotated and fired one by one. This is very well known, and we still use improved versions of the Gatling gun today on helicopters and airplanes

MAXIM GUN

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The Maxim gun, unlike the Gatling gun, had only one barrel, and was the first self-powered machine gun. This means that the mechanism used the recoil from the firing bullet to force the spent shell out of the barrel and a fresh one into it. This was a very important invention, because it greatly improved the rate of fire and lessened the time and men it took to load the gun. Also, many of our modern guns, including rifles, use this mechanism today.

Published in: on November 17, 2008 at 9:26 pm  Leave a Comment  

RIFLES

SNIDER-ENFIELD RIFLE

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Cartridge: .577 Snider  

Introduced:1860 

Produced: 1863-1875

10 rounds per minute

Muzzle Velocity: 875 fps

Range 1000 yards effective, 2000 yards maximum

The Snider-Enfield rifle was used by the British army as a replacement for the 1853 Enfield musket. It proved to be much more accurate and much faster firing as well.

 

MARTINI-HENRY RIFLE

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Cartridge:.577/450 Martini-Henry

Introduced:1870

Produced:1871-c.1891

Rounds per minute:10

Muzzle Velocity: 900 fps

Range: 600 yards effective, 1500 maximum

The Martini-Henry was adopted as a replacement for the Snider-Enfield rifle mentioneed ealier. It had a higher muzzle velocity than it’s predecessor,(Although they used the same size bullet) thus making it more accurate and able to shoot farther.

Published in: on November 17, 2008 at 9:02 pm  Leave a Comment  

ABSTRACT

During the Victorian Era, many advancements were made in the field of weapons of war. The Victorian Era was a time when soldiers went from the innacurate, unreliable, and difficult-to-use flintlock rifles, to much more accurate, simpler bolt action rifles. This time period was also when the first fully automatic weapons were developed, most notably, the Gatling gun.

Published in: on November 17, 2008 at 8:44 pm  Leave a Comment  
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